Human Relations Theory (Conceptual Study) and MCQs Practice Questions - Finance Study Pool

Human Relations Theory

The Human Relations Theory, also known as the Human Relations Approach or the Behavioral School of Management, is a management theory that emerged in the early 20th century. It emphasizes the importance of understanding and managing the human element in organizations. 

{tocify} $title={Table of Contents}

Human Relations Theory (Conceptual Study) and MCQs Practice Questions - Finance Study Pool
Human Relations Theory (Conceptual Study) and MCQs

Here are some key definitions related to the Human Relations Theory:

Human Relations: Human relations refers to the interactions, relationships, and connections between individuals within an organization. It involves understanding and managing the social aspects of work, including how people relate to one another, communicates, and cooperate in pursuit of organizational goals.

Motivation: is the internal or external drive that influences individuals to take action, put effort into their work, and achieve desired outcomes. In the context of the Human Relations Theory, motivation is seen as a key factor in improving employee performance and satisfaction. Understanding the needs, desires, and aspirations of employees is crucial for motivating them effectively.

Hawthorne Effect: The Hawthorne Effect refers to the phenomenon observed during the famous Hawthorne studies conducted at the Western Electric Hawthorne Works in Chicago between 1924 and 1932. Individuals' performance and productivity can be positively influenced by the mere fact of being observed and receiving attention from management or researchers. This finding highlighted the importance of psychological and social factors in the workplace.

Teamwork: Teamwork is the collaborative effort of a group working together to achieve a common goal. In the Human Relations Theory, teamwork is considered essential for fostering positive relationships, improving communication, and increasing productivity. It recognizes the importance of creating a supportive and inclusive work environment where individuals can collaborate effectively.

Communication: Communication refers to the process of exchanging information, ideas, and thoughts between individuals or groups. Effective communication is vital in the Human Relations Theory because it helps build trust, resolve conflicts, and promote understanding. Open and transparent communication channels are encouraged to facilitate the flow of information throughout the organization.

Leadership: Leadership encompasses guiding, motivating, and influencing others toward achieving organizational goals. In the context of the Human Relations Theory, leadership is seen as a crucial element in creating a positive work environment. Leaders are expected to be supportive, empathetic, and understanding, fostering a climate of trust and cooperation.

Employee Satisfaction: Employee satisfaction refers to the extent to which employees are content, fulfilled, and engaged in their work. The Human Relations Theory emphasizes the importance of addressing the social and psychological needs of employees to enhance their satisfaction. Satisfied employees are believed to be more motivated, productive, and committed to the organization.

 Human Relations Theory MCQs 

Which of the following best describes human relations theory?

a) A management approach that emphasizes task-oriented leadership

b) A psychological theory focused on understanding individual behavior

c) A perspective that emphasizes the importance of social interactions in the workplace

d) A theory that focuses on the economic aspects of employee motivation

Answer: c) A perspective that emphasizes the importance of social interactions in the workplace{alertSuccess}

According to human relations theory, what is the primary factor that affects employee performance and satisfaction?

a) Financial incentives

b) Hierarchical structure

c) Job specialization

d) Social relationships and interactions

Answer: d) Social relationships and interactions{alertSuccess}

Human relations theory suggests that managers should focus on:

a) Controlling and monitoring employee behavior

b) Strictly enforcing rules and regulations

c) Developing positive relationships with employees

d) Maximizing individual productivity

Answer: c) Developing positive relationships with employees{alertSuccess}

Which of the following is a crucial principle of human relations theory?

a) Clear division of labor and specialization

b) Strict hierarchical structure

c) Open communication and employee participation

d) Centralized decision-making authority

Answer: c) Open communication and employee participation{alertSuccess}

The development of human relations theory was a reaction to

a) Scientific management

b) Contingency theory

c) Chaos theory

d) Total quality management

Answer: a) Scientific management{alertSuccess}

Also Read: Fayol's 14 Principle Conceptual Study and MCQs

The Hawthorne Studies, conducted between 1924 and 1932, are closely associated with:

a) Human relations theory

b) Scientific management

c) Bureaucratic theory

d) Classical organizational theory

Answer: a) Human relations theory{alertSuccess}

According to human relations theory, employees are motivated primarily by:

a) Financial rewards

b) Job security

c) Job satisfaction and social needs

d) Promotions and career advancement

Answer: c) Job satisfaction and social needs{alertSuccess}

Human relations theory emphasizes the importance of:

a) Maintaining strict formalities in the workplace

b) Individual achievement and competition

c) Teamwork and collaboration

d) Autocratic leadership style

Answer: c) Teamwork and collaboration{alertSuccess}

The main goal of human relations theory is to:

a) Maximize organizational efficiency and productivity

b) Optimize employee performance through performance appraisals

c) Improve employee satisfaction and well-being

d) Establish a centralized decision-making process

Answer: c) Improve employee satisfaction and well-being{alertSuccess}

Human relations theory recognizes the significance of:

a) External environmental factors in shaping organizational behavior

b) Employee personality traits in determining job performance

c) Employee autonomy and self-direction in decision-making

d) Strict rules and regulations to maintain discipline in the workplace

 Answer: c) Employee autonomy and self-direction in decision-making{alertSuccess}

M.A Jinnah

As an Editor-in-Chief of, my role is to supervise the website’s content creation, management, and publication process.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post